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Cross-sector integration

Main issues

Because MSP is per definition multi-sectoral, a potentially large number of managers, stakeholders and policy-makers are involved. Each maritime institution is normally accustomed to operate on its own (i.e. within specific sectors). However, successful MSP means getting all the actors to communicate and work together in an integrated way. Integration in this respect refers to crossing boundaries at the professional, physical, institutional as well as administrative level.

To develop the appropriate measures in an integrated (ecosystem-based) MSP setting, the integration of concerns and interests mainly takes place across sectors (horizontal integration), but also between governmental levels or between government and stakeholders (vertical integration). Integration is fundamental to MSP and especially important to pro-actively resolve spatial conflicts and for promoting spatial synergies.

The study titled Addressing conflicting spatial demands in MSP: Considerations for MSP planners was conducted in 2018 with an aim to explore the range of spatial conflicts and solutions, with particular focus on spatial conflict prevention and mitigation and conditions for applying them. As part of the study, the nine fiches were developed to present relevant examples and stories related to most common and MSP relevant spatial conflicts and solutions as experienced in various EU Member States.

Related to cross sector integration is the multi-use concept, which has been definedby the MUSES project as the intentional joint use of resources in close geographic proximity. It also represents a radical change from the concept of exclusive resource rights to the inclusive sharing of resources by one or more uses and has cross sector integration as one of its main elements. The multi-use was conceptualised in the academic paper "Toward a Common Understanding of Ocean Multi-Use" which aims to generate a common language and typology for current multi-uses, thereby creating a starting ground for a more conceptual study of this field. The paper emphasizes the connectivity of uses and users as a unique characteristic of ocean multi-use, and analyzes it in a set of four dimensions: the spatial, temporal, provisioning, and functional dimensions.

Please note that this section of the EU MSP Platform website is not currently being updated with new information. However, the resources throughout our website remain relevant to our mission of sharing knowledge and experiences on MSP in the EU.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ocean Multi-Use Action Plan


The EU wide Ocean Multi-Use Action Plan sets out the various actions and recommendations that can be taken at different levels to promote multi-use in European Seas, including those related...

  • Nov 2018

MUSES Multi-Use Case Studies


As part of the MUSES “Multi-Use in European Seas” project, 10 case study areas in the Atlantic, North, Baltic and Mediterranean Sea were identified to assess potential synergies and challenges...

  • Apr 2018

Scotland's National Marine Plan

Marine Scotland

The National Marine Plan (NMP) provides the overarching policy framework for marine spatial planning and the sustainable development of inshore and offshore waters around Scotland. It addresses two separate pieces...

  • Jan 2015

Pilot MSP plan in Lesvos and Rhodes (Greece)


The practice aimed to develop an MSP methodology and its pilot implementation in selected regions of Greece and Cyprus, as well as to support the preparation of both countries for the implementation of the EU Directive on MSP.
  • Dec 2015

Sound of Mull Marine Spatial Plan


Integrated Management Plan for the North Sea

The Sound of Mull Marine Spatial Plan provides an authoritative guide for regulators, developers and recreational users, on current marine and coastal activities and interests present in the Sound of...

  • Jan 2010

Multi-Use Analysis Methodology


The Multi-Use Analysis report provides a clear overview of multi-use potential (including environmental, economic and societal benefits) in European sea basins. It also highlights major barriers (inappropriate regulations, operational, environmental, health and safety, societal...

  • Oct 2018

Stakeholder Profiles


This report was the result of stakeholder analysis conducted to gain a better understanding of the various actors relevant in the context of multi-use combinations examined in the MUSES project...

  • Dec 2017

Marine planning: socio-economic study

UK - England – MSP

Independent study to help marine planners, developers, local authorities and others to understand issues affecting coastal communities. Includes national level information and more detailed information for the East of England.

  • Jan 2011

Governance analysis framework


The governance analysis framework provides a systematic and structured approach to analysing governance in MSP, by ‘deconstructing’, governance into different incentive categories and examining the effectiveness of different, governance approaches...

  • Jan 2013

Wismar Bay case study


The case shows of how, through a process of spatial and seasonal differentiation, conflicts between tourism and nature protection caused by undifferentiated demands can be limited to a minimum.

  • Jan 2003

Analysis of Conflict Scores


This tool allows a (semi-)quantitative conflict analysis. It uses spread sheet programs and is based on expert judgement rather than data.

  • Dec 2013

Georeference Interactions Database


"GeoReference Interactions Database" is a web-based flexible database connected with a number of tools (stress level and conflict score analyses) to analyse marine activities and interactions (conflicts and synergies). GRID has...

  • Dec 2013

Adriplan conflict score tool

ADRIPLAN and Ritmare

The Conflict score tool developed within the Adriplan project allows to quantify the overlapping of uses, calculating the direct spatial conflict score (in the current and future scenarios) based on...

  • Oct 2015