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The concept of marine spatial planning (MSP) is converging with the worldwide momentum towards more sustainable behaviours.

Frontiers in Marine Science

Ecosystems all over the world are under increasing pressure from human uses.

Frontiers in Marine Science

This study developed a Disturbance Vulnerability Index (DVI) for 26 seabird species for disturbance from ship traffic in the German Baltic and North Seas.

Increasing intensity in the use of ocean spaces and coastal development presents a threat to recreational uses of the ocean, such as surfing, diving, and snorkelling.

Over the last decade, the accelerated transition towards cleaner means of producing energy has been clearly prioritised by the European Union through large-scale planned deployment of wind farms in the North Sea.

Ocean & Coastal Management

There is growing evidence that the ecosystem service (ES) concept can provide valuable input to marine spatial planning (MSP), by highlighting which ecosystem goods and services can be produced from a planning area.

High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy  

The COVID-19 pandemic has had severe ramifications worldwide, and the ocean economy is no exception.

Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is used to identify the potential impacts of plans and policies such as maritime spatial planning (MSP).

International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications

ICCSA 2020: Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2020 pp 521-534

Marine space is overall under increasing pressures from human activities. Traditionally, the activities taken place in oceans and seas were related to fishery and transport of goods and people.


Marine spatial planning aims to create a framework for the oceans and seas that minimise conflicts between economic activities within the marine environment while maintaining good environmental status.


Both policymakers and scholars acknowledge and emphasise the need for learning in maritime spatial planning (MSP). However, few explain why learning is important.


A range of reports on stakeholder engagement activities, including reports on the annual coastal forum for Belgium; For Dorset a web-based interactive tool was developed, called "iCoast".