Maritime Spatial Plan(s)
Germany adopted its first Maritime Spatial Plan in 2009 for the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Germany's second Maritime Spatial Plan entered into force on September 2021 and covers the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, and the territorail sea areas under jurisdiction if the three coastal federal States: Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Latest MSP developments
In November 2023, the BSH (Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency) publicly announced the initiation of a preliminary site investigation in the North Sea Exclusive Economic Zone, for offshore wind farm development. It targets sites N-13.1, N-13.2 and N-6.8 which are to be tendered between 2026 and 2027. Comments on the draft investigation framework were to be submitted until January 2024
The preliminary draft of the Site Development Plan will be reviewed and made publicly available for international consultation early 2024 and translations will be available later in 2024.
The national legal basis for MSP is the general Spatial Planning Act („Raumordnungsgesetz“/ROG), which was made applicable to the EEZ in 2004*. The Spatial Planning Act provides the legal basis for the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the Baltic Sea” and the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the North Sea”. The EEZ is governed at the federal level, the territorial sea is an integrated part of the (terrestrial) spatial plans of the coastal federal states. In addition to ROG, the legal basis for these plans is provided by the respective spatial planning law of each federal state.
*The amendment of the ROG in 2004 extended the scope of spatial planning according to the guidelines of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to include EEZ, and allocated planning powers to the Federal Government for the EEZ in the North and Baltic Seas (beyond the 12-nautical mile zone (territorial waters) outward to up to 200 nautical miles).
National MSP authority
Germany's competent authority for MSP is the German Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH)
kai.truemplerbsh.de (Mr Kai Trümpler)
Head of Unit Maritime Spatial Planning
Internal Waters and the Territorial Sea:
frank.liebrenzstk.landsh.de (State Chancellery of the State Schleswig-Holstein)
frank.liebrenzstk.landsh.de (Mr Frank Liebrenz)
Ministry of Energy, Infrastructure and State Development Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
petra.schmidt-kadenem.mv-regierung.de (Ms Petra Schmidt-Kaden)
petra.sewigml.niedersachsen.de (Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection)
petra.sewigml.niedersachsen.de (Petra Sewig)