Which maritime spatial plans exist?

Estonia does not yet have an adopted national MSP, but they are in the final stages of developing one.

A new Planning Act entered into force in July 2015 upon which the current national maritime spatial plan for Estonian marine areas (internal waters, territorial waters and EEZ) was initiated on 25th May 2017. This was followed by a procurement procedure between July 2017 to January 2018. In April 2018 the initial outline of the Estonian MSP and the memorandum of interest to conduct impact assessment was sent for consultation to ministries, agencies, local governments and environmental NGOs. Public discussions took place between May and June 2018. The first MSP draft was published in May 2019 and public and transboundary consultations were held in the summer of 2019. In parallel to the public consultation, the Ministry of Finance organised consultations with other ministries to reconciliate the opinions. A 30 day notification period is then given to the public where they will be given the opportunity to acquaint themselves with the final solution to be submitted to the Government. It is currently estimated that the MSP will be submitted to the Government in December, 2021.

In October 2012 the Government of Estonia initiated two pilot maritime spatial plans – at the area around Hiiu Island and Pärnu Bay area. The Hiiu pilot was adopted in 2016. The Pärnu Bay pilot was adopted in April 2017. However, in the Hiiu MSP offshore wind energy has been abolished by the National Court of Estonia on August 8th 2018, all other sector-related aspects are still legally binding. They will remain in effect even after the adoption of the new Planning Act.

MSP legislation 

Planning on land and in Estonia’s marine waters (EEZ, territorial sea, and inland waters) is based on the Estonian Planning Act, which has been in force since July 2015, and an Order of the Government from October 2012. The two pilot MSP Plans are based on this Order. The national MSP process was initiated on 25 May 2017.

National MSP authority

Estonian Ministry of the Finance

Triin Lepland


phone +372 452 0521

Last Update 19.10.2021