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Baltic Sea Management - Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Ecosystem through Spatial Planning

Funding Programme:



Completion Year:


Contact Person(s):

Danish Nature Agency (nst[at]nst[dot]dk)


Implementation Period:
Specific Funding Programme:

INTERREG III B: Baltic Sea Region Programme 2000 - 2006


Overall Budget: € 4.300.000

EU Contribution: € 3.348.159,75

About the Project:

BALANCE aimed towards development of informed marine management tools for the Baltic Sea based on spatial planning and cross-sectoral and transnational co-operation.

BALANCE inter alia aimed to:

  • Develop transnational marine spatial planning tools and an agreed template for marine management planning and decision-making;
  • Develop the "blue corridor" concept and promote "blue corridors" between protected sites adding spatial development dimensions to the implementation of EC Directives;
  • Assess if the Baltic marine Natura 2000 network was ecological coherent and adequately represents & protects a continuum of habitats;
  • Develop a communication strategy for stakeholder involvement to ensure that objectives and decisions address local stakeholders needs and that products is used and understood by the end of project;
  • Enhance awareness of the marine natural heritage and the benefits of sustainable resource use.

BALANCE in particular:

  • Identified and collated relevant and available marine data in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak area.
  • Defined Baltic Sea marine landscapes and developed habitat maps, the latter in 4 pilot areas.
  • Assessed the existing Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas network and developed a "blue corridor" concept.
  • Developed Baltic marine zoning plans in 2 pilot areas (pilot area 2 and 3).

Project partners:

  • Danish Forest and Nature Agency (DK) – Lead Partner
  • DHI – Water and Environment (DK)
  • Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (DK)
  • National Environmental Research Institute
  • Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Sea Fisheries (DK)
  • WWF Denmark (DK)
  • Estonian Maritime Institute, University of Tartu (EE)
  • Metsähallitus Natural Heritage Service (FI)
  • Finnish Environment Institute (FI)
  • Geological Survey of Finland (FI)
  • WWF Finland (FI)
  • WWF Germany (DE)
  • Institute of Aquatic Ecology, University of Latvia (LV)
  • Coastal Research and Planning Institute (LT)
  • Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SE)
  • National Board of Fisheries (SE)
  • Geological Survey of Sweden (SE)
  • WWF Sweden (SE)
  • County Administrative Board of Stockholm (SE)
  • Department of Marine Ecology, Gothenburg University (SE)


  • Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (DE)
  • Finnish Game amd Fisheries Research Institute (DE)
  • The Geological Survey of Norway (NO)
  • The Norwegian Institute of Water Research (NO)
  • Polish Sea Fisheries Institute
  • University of California