Perspectives of Offshore Wind Energy development in Lithuania, Poland and Russia



This publication summarizes the main achievements of the project. Prepared overview and recommendations give an first impression on the state and future potential of the regional development in the field of utilization of offshore wind energy sources. It is mainly targeted at central and local authorities and decision makers responsible for energy production, environment protection and planning as well as potential wind power investors. Its goal is to foster the process of further development of offshore wind parks and reduce environmental as well as investment risks.

Sea Basin(s): 
Application in MSP: 
Applied in a related process
Nature protection
Offshore renewable energy production
Type of Issue: 
Economic aspects
Environment aspects
Safety aspects
Social aspects
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Renewable Energy Directive
Strategic Environmental Assessment
Trans-European Transport Network

Questions this practice may help answer

  • What have been the main barriers for the development of offshore wind in the South Baltic?
  • Which actions are able to foster development of offshore wind energy?

Implementation Context

Despite keen interest of potential investors, no offshore wind farm has been built in the Lithuanian, Russian and Polish sea areas so far. The main reasons of such situation are among others: lack of national strategies on possible offshore wind use, absence of clear legislation and spatial development plans with indicated potential areas for offshore wind power installations. Nevertheless actions are being taken by independent investors – initiated feasibility and EIA studies for particular locations. Utilisation of renewable energy sources, including wind, is an important component of sustainable development of these regions, which may result in measurable positive economic, ecological and social effects. The INTERREG IVA project South Wind Energy Regions (South Baltic OFF.E.R) stimulates this development process. This practices is the publication of a guidebook, containing the main outcomes of the project.

Aspects / Objectives

The South Baltic Offshore Wind Energy Regions (South Baltic OFF.E.R) has the following aims:

  • The attraction of potential investors to the SE Baltic region and thereby to stimulate the utilization of renewable energy sources.
  • Give a clear impression on actual state and future potential for OWE development.
  • Facilitate decision making,
  • Improve the process of further development of offshore wind parks and reduce environmental as well as investment risks.


A guidebook has been developed based on over two-years work of experts united by the EU Neighbourhood Programme project “Perspectives of Offshore Wind Energy development in marine areas of Lithuania, Poland and Russia” (POWER) and over three years of South Baltic Programme project SB OFF.E.R. – “South Baltic Offshore Wind Energy Regions” by the international consortium seeking to unlock certain offshore wind energy activities.

Main Outputs / Results

The main output is the guidebook developed. The guidebook provides recommendations on strengthening the development opportunities for Wind Energy in the Baltic Sea. The following two steps are particularly crucial for establishing clear procedures for future development of off- shore wind energy:

  • One-desk policy (possibility for developers to communicate with only one of cial contact point to handle administrative and legal mat- ters – in conjunction with clear and rationalized procedures, one-stop shops, e.g. appointment of one responsible institution for permitting purposes;
  • Open-market conditions, e.g. tendering system (system for rights to develop projects – elaborated specic criteria which allow ranking applications or developers on the basis of criteria it considers). Sites lease procedures for wind farm operator companies should be also introduced.

Furthermore the following recommendations have been made:

  • Development and endorsement of guiding documents on environment monitoring, geological- geophysical site investigations, as well as on navigational safety issues, emergency response, special design and construction requirements, etc will contribute substantially to the streamlining of permitting procedures.
  • The procedures and methodology for SEA must be improved.  The elaboration and coordination with competent authorities of standards for project related investigations such as establishment of environmental monitoring programs for the SEA and/or EIA purposes (duration, number of reference sites, research stations are being set up to collect environmental and other technical data, e.g. shipping, hydrometeorology, method and frequency of baseline investigations, etc.) should be listed as top priority. Outputs of concerted environmental monitoring and technical data collection would save time and reduce the developer’s site assessment costs.
  • The urgent necessity of introducing elements of integrated maritime spatial planning (IMSP) while designing the OWE locations
  • International perspective and cooperation are also necessary to optimize the energy distribution and supply network.


The practice can be an inspiration for regions in the same stage of Wind Energy development as the South Baltic Region (early discussion and development).  However, the institutional context reduces the transferability of the recommendations.

Costs / Funding Source

Interreg IVA South Baltic Programme

Responsible Entity

Klaipeda University Coastal Research and Planning Institute

Contact Person

Nerijus Blazauskas

H. Manto 84,

LT-92294, Klaipeda

Phone +370 46398838