Marine spatial planning (MSP) in Europe is in a paradigm shift as all (coastal) European countries now have established practices for the production of marine spatial plans. Though international guidelines and an EU directive for MSP provides policy frameworks, the formulation of national policy designs for MSP remains a national responsibility resulting in vastly different practices. Focusing on three Northern European countries; Denmark, Germany and Norway, this paper presents examples of how national policy designs for marine spatial planning are structured, and how the current practice in each country is influenced by local planning cultures. This mapping gives insights to a number of challenges facing planning authorities when planning for sustainable development. Ambiguity dominates the framework of marine spatial planning and the central sustainability concepts it contains. This paper gives voice to the planning teams, as they are key-players in generating meaning in this ocean of ambiguity, giving insights to their understanding of sustainability in the planning of futures for sustainable seas.
QUESTIONS THIS PRACTICE MAY HELP ANSWER:
- What is the structure of national policy designs for MSP?
- How is the current practice in three Northern European countries influenced by local planning cultures?
The research was conducted by the Danish Centre for Blue Governance and the Danish Centre for Environmental Assessment.
ASPECTS / OBJECTIVES:
To provide examples of how national policy designs for marine spatial planning are structured, and how the current practice in each country is influenced by local planning cultures.
The research is based on the extensive literature review. The authors apply theoretical framework to answer the research questions.
MAIN OUTPUTS / RESULTS:
- The ambiguity of marine spatial planning (MSP) frameworks makes for heterogeneous MSP policy designs and practices.
- The use of sustainability concepts in MSP policy design is ambiguous and has no guidance for implementation.
- Planners are relied upon to understand sustainability however their comprehension is often lacking.
- National planning cultures in MSP authorities largely depend on the type of agency (e.g., environmental vs. economic).
The methodology developed in this study is applicable to MSP processes in other regions.
Centre for Blue Governance, Department of Planning, Aalborg University.
Trine Skovgaard Kirkfeldt: tskplan.aau.dk
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