Marine spatial plans focusing on biodiversity conservation: The case of the Aegean Sea

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

Abstract: 
  1. The expansion and intensification of marine uses have severe cumulative impacts on marine ecosystems and human well-being, unless they are properly managed with an ecosystem-based management approach.
  2. A systematic conservation planning approach, using marxan with zones, was applied to generate alternative marine spatial plans for the Aegean Sea. Relevant human uses were included and their cumulative impact on a wide set of key biodiversity features was considered in the analysis. Different cost scenarios were developed to gain insight on the effects of the approaches used to assess socio-economic factors, and their potential impact on spatial plans.
  3. The spatial plans generated differed greatly depending on the method used to estimate opportunity costs and evaluate human activities in monetary terms.
  4. The vulnerability weights (the relative vulnerability of ecological features to specific human activities and their impacts) that were estimated based on a cumulative impact assessment, allowed the assessment of each zone in contributing to the achievement of conservation targets, through a transparent planning approach.
  5. Results indicate that special care should be given to how socio-economic activities, their impact on the ecosystems, and related costs are incorporated into planning.
  6. The proposed approach demonstrates how EU member states may effectively comply with the new Biodiversity Strategy 2030 targets, while planning for the sustainable use of their marine resources.
Sea Basin(s): 
Year: 
May 2021
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Nature protection
Type of Issue: 
Economic aspects
Ecosystem-based approach
Environment aspects
Social aspects

Costs / Funding Source:

MARItime Spatial planning for the protection and Conservation of the biodiversity in the Aegean sea (MARISCA Project:www.marisca.eu), co-funded with 85% from the EEA GRANTS, 2009–2014, and 15% from the Public Investments Programme (PIP) of the Hellenic Republic.

Contact person:

Vasiliki Markantonatou

vmarkantonatou@gmail.com

 

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