Marine Spatial Planning: the Case of Aquaculture

Der Öffentliche Sektor - The Public Sector


This study focuses on aquaculture and provides an analysis of what this sector implies in terms of environmental impacts. It explores the practical implementation of marine spatial planning and its economic and environmental effects by analysing the aquaculture sector. The paper ends with an analysis of the selected projects within the framework of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea (EUSBSR).

Sea Basin(s): 
December 2020
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Type of Issue: 
Economic aspects
Environment aspects
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Common Fisheries Policy
Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Questions this practice may help answer:

  • What are the effects of the implementation of MSP on aquaculture?
  • What are the ecological issues of aquaculture?
  • How is aquaculture integrated in the planning approach in the Baltic Sea?

Implementation Context:

This text is based on a paper written for the seminar "Spatial Development Strategies" under the supervision of Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Michael Getzner in the winter semester of 2019.

Aspects / Objectives:

This study analyses the aquaculture sectors through the implementation of Maritime Spatial Planning and its economic and environmental effects.


The paper is based on policy documents and scientific publications, and is divided into 3 main parts:

1) The introduction of the European Union strategy of MSP.

2) An overview of the aquaculture sector and its ecological and economical aspects.

3) The Baltic Sea case study.

Main Outputs / Results:

This study highlights that the combination of aquaculture and offshore wind farms maximises the economic efficiency of both sectors. The case study has also shown that several factors play an important role in the efficiency of aquaculture farms and can have a positive impact on the regional economy.


This practice focuses on the Baltic Sea, but the methodology implemented by the authors can be adapted to other sea basins. 

Responsible Entity:

Der Öffentliche Sektor - The Public Sector