Skip to main content
European Commission logo

Lessons, stories and ideas on how to integrate land-sea interactions into MSP.


The report is produced as part of the Pan Baltic Scope project. It targets the spatial planners at the land-sea interface at municipal, regional and national levels. The main goal of the report is to share stories, ideas and lessons learned at different stages of MSP relating to the land-sea interactions.

Application in MSP:
Type of Issue:
Type of practice:
Stage of MSP cycle:
Cross-border / trans-national aspect:
Coherence with other processes:
Key words:


  • How can the land-sea interactions be integrated into Maritime Spatial Planning? 


The report represents the results of the two-year Pan Baltic Scope project. It explores the issues surrounding the land-sea interactions in practice


To share the insights and lessons learned at different stages of MSP, both at the beginning and the end of the planning process.


The report begins with an overall introduction including an appreciation of the land-sea interactions (LSI), followed by an overview of this process in the context of the Pan Baltic Scope project. The report then continues with case studies from the Gulf of Bothnia and Riga Bay, as well as the account of the German land-sea interaction. From those examples and observations, the following conclusions and recommendations have been formulated:

  • Different coastal and marine planning systems face different challenges when integrating LSI in MSP. The most significant challenge is the awareness gap in respect to LSI, and the need to make LSI more tangible by identifying specific LSI issues. 
  • There is a strong need for communication, knowledge and capacity development among local and regional authorities and other stakeholders, so that they can link up with marine planning and start to reduce the gaps in knowledge. 
  • It is recommended that a cross-sector and multi-dimensional perspective should be used on LSI (issues/sectors, institutions, processes, knowledge and methods) and that planners should be aware of the different institutional levels, geographical ranges and directions of land-sea interactions (land-sea/ bottom-up/past-future), including the cross-border perspectives. 


The report provides the case studies on how planners from the countries of the Baltic Sea region address the land-sea interactions during the MSP process. 


The report focuses on the Baltic Sea, but the methodology on how to integrate land-sea Interactions into MSP can be applied to other regions.

Responsible Entity: 

Pan Baltic Scope project. 

Funding Source: 

 The work was made possible by the European Structural Development Fund co-financing the participating partner countries and organisations.