Skip to main content
European Commission logo

Developing an integrated approach to management and planning within the land-sea interface


The project provides a comprehensive planning and information resource to underpin sustainable coastal management at a local level with 3 elements: 1. a framework for integrating terrestrial and marine planning; 2. Tools for achieving sustainable coastal economies and environments; and 3. stakeholder engagement to achieving commitment to ICZM. See the 3 rows below for some of the outputs for each element. The website also has general reports on overall results of the project.

Application in MSP:
Type of Issue:
Type of practice:
Stage of MSP cycle:
Cross-border / trans-national aspect:
Coherence with other processes:
Key words:

Questions this practice may help answer

  • How do we improve coordination, planning and management of the coast?
  • What is the relationship between marine spatial planning (MSP) and ICZM?
  • What are good methodologies for effective engagement of stakeholders?

Implementation Context

The CSCOPE (Combining Sea and Coastal Planning in Europe) Project had 3 main objectives:

1.     Develop a framework for integrating terrestrial and marine planning;

2.     Tools for achieving sustainable coastal economies and environments; and

3.     Stakeholder engagement to achieving commitment to Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)


The project was in part a way to test the principles for MSP as communicated in the European Commission’s “Roadmap for Maritime Spatial Planning: Achieving Common Principles in the EU” published in 2008, prior to the development of the EU Maritime Spatial Planning Directive, and recognising that MSP would be required in coming years.

Aspects / Objectives

  • Produce a framework for an integrated approach to land and sea planning and management.
  • Provide practical case studies of integrating across the land-sea interface.
  • Develop comprehensive information resources to underpin sustainable coastal management.
  • Provide a test case for implementation of the principles of MSP in the EU.


Through practical case studies involving both field mapping and new technologies, planning frameworks were illustrated at regional, sub-regional and local scales.

Each partner selected a Marine Management Are (MMA) at different scales (one in Belgium and one in Dorset) which represented a range of habitats, activities and potential conflicts to act as a pilot study.

Extensive data collection was undertaken to inform the full CSCOPE project, including review of existing spatial data, commissioning of new studies where gaps were identified, baseline inventory on current conflicts and issues (through stakeholder interviews, etc.) among others. Of particular relevance to the objective of this practice (integrating across the land-sea interface) relevant plans and policies applying to this area were collated and reviewed to ensure compliance.

Pilot marine plans were developed for both areas, with a number of studies and analysis completed to fulfil the overall objectives of the CSCOPE project.

This image shows the Knokke Heiste Marine Management Area
This image shows the Dorset Marine Management Area

Main Outputs / Results

The final reports and materials relating to the CSCOPE project are available on line (


They include:

-        Maritime Spatial Planning in Belgium – Analysis of the period 2000-2011

-        Postiion paper: The north Sea in Belgium – High time to live up to the opportunities

-        Socio-economic study of tourism and recreation for Knokke-Heist West

-        Long Term vision for Knooke-Heist West

-        Dorset land and Seascape Character Assessment

-        Dorset Offshore Renewables Capacity Report

-        Socio-economic Report

-        Forecasting Document

-        Dorset Coast Topic Papers on a range of areas including: coastal defence, climate change, fisheries, military activity, among others.

-        Sustainability Appraisal of the Marine Plan


These will assist a wide range of users in achieving the cross-cutting principle of sustainable development as well as improving the relationship between coastal protected landscapes and their marine counterparts.

The pilot projects provide a number of lessons which are applicable in other planning contexts. Much of the character of the projects were related to the prevalent conditions and issues faced in that particular settings, however the experience provides useful reference material for the development of MSP in general, particularly relating to the complex issues of land-sea integration.

The major lessons were that this integration remains a challenge, with issues faced in co-ordinating between marine and terrestrial planners, particularly in aspects such as agricultural and urban run-off, terrestrial landfall of offshore developments, land-based infrastructure to support ports, and coastal town regeneration.

Some documents are in Dutch only.

Responsible Entity

C-SCOPE is a European collaboration between the Dorset Coast Forum (DCF) and The Coordination Centre on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Belgium

Costs / Funding Source

EU INTERREG IV A ‘Two Seas’ Cross-border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013 and part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund). Direct costs of its elaboration are unknown.

Contact Person

Coordination Centre on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Belgium
E-mail: (info[at]kustbeheer[dot]be)
Contacts: (kathy[dot]belpaeme[at]kustbeheer[dot]be); (Hannelore[dot]maelfait[at]kustbeheer[dot]be); (Sylvia[dot]theunynck[at]kustbeheer[dot]be)

Dorset Coast Forum
E-mail: (dorset[dot]coast[at]dorsetcc[dot]gov[dot]uk)
Contacts: (k[dot]buchan[at]dorsetcc[dot]gov[dot]uk); (b[dot]betts[at]dorsetcc[dot]gov[dot]uk); (ness[dot]smith[at]dorsetcc[dot]gov[dot]ukv)