Questions this practice may help answer:
- How can OWF, nature protection and seafood all coexist?
- How can Communities of Practices (COPs) be involved in MSP?
- How to mitigate impacts and optimise benefits of offshore wind farms?
This paper was produced within the context of Offshore Wind Farm development and the positive and negative consequences of those installations on other sea uses.
Aspects / Objectives:
This paper explores the role of Communities of Practice (COPs) as a participatory tool for development. This paper argues that COPs offer a potential way forward. COPs are defined as "groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly" (Wenger 2006).
Based on a case study of the Dutch Community of Practice North Sea (COPNS), this paper examines the potential contribution of COPs as a tool for stimulating marine multi-use by balancing multiple interests and initiating pilots and learning. The relevance of social learning in marine multi-use settings Is discussed and the concept of COPs introduced, followed by a description of the methodology and a presentation of the COPNS case study. The findings are then discussed, followed by conclusions and recommendations.
Main Outputs / Results:
- Marine multi-use is more than a mere 'design question' and requires active collaboration from all stakeholders.
- The Dutch Community of Practice North Sea is a novel approach towards accelerating multi-use in a controversial context.
- By creating a learning environment in a non-political setting, Communities of Practice foster a culture of cooperation.
- Ten guidelines for Communities of Practices as an action-oriented tool towards salient marine multi-use practices are proposed.
This article presents the lessons learned from a Dutch community of practices in the Baltic Sea that can inspire other sea regions and countries.
Costs / Funding Source:
This work was supported by the Dutch Ministry of Eco-nomic Affairs under the Policy Support Research Programme Top sectors, theme Living Lab SKIPs [grant BO-34-001-033, 2017] and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality Policy Support Research Programme Sustainable Food Production, Food Chains and Nature, theme Nature-inclusive Energy [grant BO-43-023.03-002].
 E. Wenger, B. Wenger-Trayner, Introduction to communities of practice - a brief overview of the concept and its uses, 2015. https://wenger-trayner.com/introduction-to-communities-of-practice.