Coastal and marine spatial planning in Europe. Case studies for Greece and Bulgaria.

Abstract: 

Coastal and maritime areas have significant natural resources and are of great financial significance. However, the intense and reckless exploitation of natural resources has led to a degradation of the marine environment. This degradation has led countries worldwide to take into account International Agreements and Actions on the protection, conservation and sustainable management of the marine environment. One of the above Actions is the development of spatial planning in the coastal environment and the wider marine area.

Initially, this survey refers to the importance of the coastal area and the marine environment and the policies that have been developed at International and European level for its protection. Furthermore, it focuses on efforts of coastal states to develop spatial plans for the determination of land uses and the development of human activities in the coastal area and in the wider marine area. As case studies the coastal countries of Greece and Bulgaria have been selected. These countries belong to different maritime areas (The Mediterranean Sea and The Black Sea).

The survey shows that spatial planning, though necessary for land use and the marine environment, is complicated. This happens due to many stakeholders with different competencies and financial interests being involved and due to the particularities of each area. Finally, conclusions are drawn for better management and protection of coastal and wider marine space through spatial planning.

Sea Basin(s): 
Country: 
Year: 
July 2020
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Not sector specific
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Ecosystem-based approach
Environment aspects
Land-sea interactions
Stakeholders
Type of practice: 
Study
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Develop and implement plan
Coherence with other processes: 
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Questions this practice may help answer:

  • What efforts were undertaken by Greece and Bulgaria towards the spatial plans' development?

Implementation Context:

The research was conducted in cooperation between the National Technical University of Athens (Greece), Nansen Institute of Oceanography (Bulgaria) and University of Nicosia (Cyprus).

Aspects / Objectives:

The survey focuses on the efforts of coastal states to develop spatial plans in the coastal and marine area, as well as the characteristics and particularities that should be taken into account for spatial planning.

Method:

As case studies the coastal countries of Greece and Bulgaria have been selected. These countries belong to different maritime areas (The Mediterranean Sea and The Black Sea).

Main Outputs / Results:

The study proposes new measures for better natural resources management and protection.

Transferability:

The methodology used in this research is potentially applicable to similar studies in other marine regions.

Responsible Entity:

National Technical University of Athens, Greece.

Nansen Institute of Oceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria.

University of Nicosia, Cyprus.

Contact person:

A. Economou: aghs@mail.ntua.gr

I. Kotsev: ikotsev@io-bas.bg

P. Peev: preslavpeev@io-bas.bg

N. Kathiojotes: kathijotes.n@unic.ac.cy

 

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