This chapter is dedicated to an emerging theoretical current, motivated by the phenomenon of climate change, which seems to unite planning theory around a theme of global importance. The scientific base of this approach is broad and encompasses physics, biology and ecology, systems analysis, economics, but also the sociology of inequality and disadvantage. This multiplicity of origins is made clear in planning approaches which are designed to tackle natural hazards, risk and vulnerability, not only through an exclusive environmental ideology, but rather in a social context of the effects of the Anthropocene age. Tools like resilience planning, with all its pros and cons, are proposed to address these effects. The new theoretical foundations include philosophical and sociological sources, but also a sense of pragmatism and of understanding of the individual and the particular, the isolated person, the social group, and the world we all live in. Humanism, reciprocity and mutual respect are stressed as essential values.
Louis C. Wassenhoven
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