Allocated Zones for Aquaculture - A guide for the establishment of coastal zones dedicated to aquaculture in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Abstract: 

This guide intends to be a practical tool to facilitate the understanding of site selection and planning for aquaculture and provide information on processes for establishing allocated zones for aquaculture (AZAs) in the Mediterranean and Black Sea region. This document was prepared taking into account the developments related to the AZA concept over the years and based on practical experiences in different countries of the region, as well as an analysis of future development prospects for sustainable aquaculture.

Year: 
2019
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Aquaculture
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Economic aspects
Ecosystem-based approach
Environment aspects
Stakeholders
Type of practice: 
Guidance
Methodology
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Develop and implement plan
Coherence with other processes: 
Common Fisheries Policy
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive

QUESTIONS THIS PRACTICE MAY HELP ANSWER:

  • How are Allocated Zones for Aquaculture (AZA) managed? 
  • Which stakeholders should be involved in AZA establishment? 
  • How can the site selection for AZA be improved? 
  • What is the process for AZA establishment?

IMPLEMENTATION CONTEXT:

This guide is based on the results of the project developing the selection of sites and includes capacity guidelines for Mediterranean aquaculture within aquaculture appropriate areas (SHoCMed). The project aimed to develop guidelines and standards for the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) contracting parties. The guide particularly focuses on Allocated Zones for Aquaculture (AZA). 

ASPECTS / OBJECTIVES:

The guide aims to provide practical information and tools to facilitate the development of aquaculture (site selection, planning and establishment process of AZA), in the Mediterranean and Black Sea region.

METHOD:

The knowledge gathered in this guide is based on the development of the Allocated Zones for Aquaculture concept, previous experience of AZA establishment in countries of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, and the SHoCMed project results. 

MAIN OUTPUTS / RESULTS:

The document discusses the concept of AZA, as well as providing information and practical recommendations for its implementation. It also introduces a step by step methodology to support the AZA establishment. 

TRANSFERABILITY:  

The methodology for the AZA establishment and management is applicable to other sea basins. 

Responsible Entity: 

Food and Agriculture Organization. 

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. 

Costs / Funding Source: 

Food and Agriculture Organization. 

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.

Contact person: 

Food and Agriculture Organization. 

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.