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Tourism & Fisheries

Fisheries and coastal tourism are both sectors of key significance for costal E.U member states, as they generate both important GVA and are essential to the local economic sustainability of coastal communities. The strong potential for collaboration between fisheries and tourism can enable a smooth co-existence of the two activities and allows to maintain an attractive and productive coastline that answer the needs of both tourists and fishermen.

Both sectors can interact on the account of the use of space. The progressive diversification of coastal and maritime touristic offers combined with the long-standing fishing tradition can lead to challenges between tourism and artisanal fisheries carrying out their activity in the same area. Additionally, both activities, if inadequately regulated, can affect overall marine environmental quality, potentially threatening the sustainability of one each other.

However, both sectors show very promising opportunities of co-existence and can work in synergy, thus enhancing their respective offer. Such synergies can for example include the possibility for tourists to embark on professional fishing boats (pescatourism), or the enhancement of local culinary offer for tourists by offering locally fished and fresh sea products.

This fiche sets out the different interactions to be considered between the fishing sector and the coastal and maritime tourism sector, by detailing how both sectors can impact each other, and what possible synergistic relationships can be fostered between them.

Related challenges

Related enablers

References 

[5]https://oceanpanel.org/perspective/gloria-lazaro-vision-setting-sustainable-ocean-tourism-in-2030-and-2050/

[6] MMO (2014). The Provision of Guidance for Marine Licensing Staff to support the implementation of marine planning policies for socio-economics, tourism and seascape. A report produced for the Marine Management Organisation, 109pp. MMO Project No: 1078. ISBN: 978-1-909452-36-7

[7] Alsaleh, M., Wang, X., Nan, Z., Liu, R., & Sun, Q. (2023). Impact of coastal tourism demand on fisheries industry sustainability: A suggested framework for blue growth. Natural Resources Forum, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1111/1477-8947.12332

[8] Gössling, S. (2002): Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global Environmental Change. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959378002000444; EEA (2014): Horizon 2020 mediterranean report. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/horizon-2020-mediterranean-report; Briefing European Parliamentary Research Service (2017). https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2017/599327/EPRS_BRI(2017)599327_EN.pdf; EEA (2017): Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/climate-change-impacts-and-vulnerability-2016

[9] Plan Bleu (2010): Management of energy air transport and tourism in the Mediterranean. https://planbleu.org/en/publications/management-of-energy-air-transport-and-tourism-in-the-mediterranean/

[10] Fosse J., Klarwein S., Kosmas I. & Gonzalez A. (2021). Ecosystem Approach for a sustainable coastal and maritime Tourism in the Mediterranean. eco-union. https://www.ecounion.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/EcAp_mediterranean_bluetourism02.pdf

[11] Fosse J., Klarwein S., Kosmas I. & Gonzalez A. (2021). Ecosystem Approach for a sustainable coastal and maritime Tourism in the Mediterranean. eco-union. https://www.ecounion.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/EcAp_mediterranean_bluetourism02.pdf

[12] Slabbekoorn, H., et al., (2010). A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25 (2010) 419–427. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2010.04.005

[13] Weilgart, L. (2018). The impact of ocean noise pollution on fish and invertebrates. Oceancare & Dalhousie University. 36pp. https://www.oceancare.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Underwater-Noise-Pollution_Impact-on-fish-and-invertebrates_Report_OceanCare_EN_36p_2018.pdf

[14]ITOPF (2011). Effects of oil prollution on fisheres and mariculture. 12 pp. Available at https://www.itopf.org/fileadmin/uploads/itopf/data/Documents/TIPS_TAPS_new/TIP_11_Effects_of_Oil_Pollution_on_Fisheries_and_Mariculture.pdf

[15] Giulietti et al. (2018): Tourism and the environment Towards a reporting mechanism in Europe. EEA Report, ETC/ULS. https://www.eionet.europa.eu/etcs/etc-uls/products/etc-uls-report-01-2018-tourism-and-the-environment-towards-a-reporting-mechanism-in-europe

[16] Grelaud, M., Ziveri, P. (2020). The generation of marine litter in Mediterranean island beaches as an effect of tourism and its mitigation. Scientific Reports. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-77225-5

[17] Bessa, Eduardo & Silva, Fernanda & Sabino, José. (2017). Impacts of Fish Tourism. 10.1007/978-3-319-58331-0_5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320294214_Impacts_of_Fish_Tourism

[18] Map2Fish Project. https://business.esa.int/projects/map2fish 

[19] Lankia, et al., 2022. Importance-performance analysis of the fishing tourism service structure: Recreational anglers’ preferences on the remote salmon river of Teno in Finland, Fisheries Research, Volume 254,106425

Existing co-existence and multi-use initiatives

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