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Maritime transport & Marine protection and restoration

The history of maritime transport is deeply rooted and dates as far back as 4000 BC. However, the coexistence challenges with marine protection and restoration that we will describe began to increase with the advent and development of modern seafaring and its associated environmental consequences. The middle of the 20th century marked a fundamental turning point with the development and rapid expansion of sea container transport: this standardized format allowed for an unprecedented increase in the whole logistic chain efficiency. Additionally, the increase of ship sizes and traffic induced by technical progress, economic development and globalization significantly increased freight volumes. 

In parallel, an increase in environmental consciousness has developed worldwide since the second half of the 20th century, with voices challenging the notion of growth and calling for a more environmentally friendly model of development, including for activities taking place in the ocean and seas. This growing environmental consciousness has driven the need for greater environmental protection. This rise in environmental consciousness calls for greater protection of the marine environment, while the increase in maritime transport raises questions on its impacts. The objective is to build a new maritime transport system that respects marine resources

The “marine protection and restoration” sector is considered here in the broad sense, including both the protection of species and ecosystems as well as area-based initiatives. This fiche sets out the range of interactions to be considered between marine protection and restoration and maritime transport, and what MSP can do to avoid and mitigate possible negative interactions. 

Related challenges

Related enablers

References

DISCLAIMER: This page is based on the previous existing section “MSP Sectors and Conflicts” presented on the European MSP Platform, and where you can find the related fiche here.

Other references:

[4]https://www.nrdc.org/bio/regan-nelson/why-all-concern-about-underwater-ship-noise

[6]https://www.nrdc.org/bio/regan-nelson/why-all-concern-about-underwater-ship-noise

[7]https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/04/if-shipping-were-a-country-it-would-be-the-world-s-sixth-biggest-greenhouse-gas-emitter/

Existing co-existence and multi-use initiatives

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